Osa Peninsula – Costa Rica – Photo by Dagmar Reinhard
Where is Osa and Osa Peninsula in Costa Rica?
Costa Rica has seven provinces: San José, Alajuela, Cartago, Guanacaste, Heredia, Limon and Puntarenas, Puntarenas being the most populated of all.
And Puntarenas has ten cantons: Buenos Aires, Montes de Oca, Osa, Aguirre, Golfito, Coto Brus, Parrita, Brokers and Garabito,
The Osa Canton has five districts: Cortés, Palmar, Sierpe, Costa Ballena and Piedras Blancas. It has an area of 1930.24 km ², and a population of about 30,000 inhabitants. The capital of the canton is Ciudad Puerto Cortés, formerly Puerto Cortés.
Osa begins at the Rio Baru Dominical on the South Pacific coast.
Going south along the Coastal Highway (Costa Ballena), you first reach the city of Cortés, home to many government agencies and then Palmar, a commercial city for all the surrounding areas. The canton also includes Sierpe – the entrance to one of the largest mangrove in Central Amercia. Further south, following the Interamerican Highway, you reach the Piedras Blancas National Park, adjacent to Golfito.
The Osa Peninsula is located on the southwest coast of the Costa Rican Pacific Ocean, bounded by Coronado Bay to the north and Golfo Dulce to the south.
Despite being an area of relatively small size, it has many tropical habitats: rainforests, coastal wetlands, mountain forests and others. This region has established the famous Corcovado National Park , which is the largest protected area of Costa Rica and, according to National Geographic is “the most intense World biologically active area ” in reality it is one of the places with greatest biodiversity . Since the early 1970s, when the park was established, several Costa Rican and foreign authorities work together to provide protection to natural resources that are included in this strategic peninsula.
Puerto Jiménez at the Osa Peninsula
The city was a gold-mining center during the ´70s; today, it has about 9,000 inhabitants. It is located near the entrance of Golfo Dulce, and it is the southernmost port. It is the gateway to the Corcovado National Park (reservation at the MINAE office).
The climate in the Osa Peninsula is tropical and humid, with temperatures up to 90 degrees Fº. The dry season goes from January to April and the wet season from October to December.
Osa has three National Parks:Marine Ballena National Park, Corcovado National Park and Piedras Blancas National Park.
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